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xmltok.c

/*
The contents of this file are subject to the Mozilla Public License
Version 1.0 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in
compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at
http://www.mozilla.org/MPL/

Software distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS"
basis, WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the
License for the specific language governing rights and limitations
under the License.

The Original Code is expat.

The Initial Developer of the Original Code is James Clark.
Portions created by James Clark are Copyright (C) 1998
James Clark. All Rights Reserved.

Contributor(s):
*/

#include "xmldef.h"
#include "xmltok.h"
#include "nametab.h"

#define VTABLE1 \
  { PREFIX(prologTok), PREFIX(contentTok), PREFIX(cdataSectionTok) }, \
  { PREFIX(attributeValueTok), PREFIX(entityValueTok) }, \
  PREFIX(sameName), \
  PREFIX(nameMatchesAscii), \
  PREFIX(nameLength), \
  PREFIX(skipS), \
  PREFIX(getAtts), \
  PREFIX(charRefNumber), \
  PREFIX(predefinedEntityName), \
  PREFIX(updatePosition), \
  PREFIX(isPublicId)

#define VTABLE VTABLE1, PREFIX(toUtf8), PREFIX(toUtf16)

#define UCS2_GET_NAMING(pages, hi, lo) \
   (namingBitmap[(pages[hi] << 3) + ((lo) >> 5)] & (1 << ((lo) & 0x1F)))

/* A 2 byte UTF-8 representation splits the characters 11 bits
between the bottom 5 and 6 bits of the bytes.
We need 8 bits to index into pages, 3 bits to add to that index and
5 bits to generate the mask. */
#define UTF8_GET_NAMING2(pages, byte) \
    (namingBitmap[((pages)[(((byte)[0]) >> 2) & 7] << 3) \
                      + ((((byte)[0]) & 3) << 1) \
                      + ((((byte)[1]) >> 5) & 1)] \
         & (1 << (((byte)[1]) & 0x1F)))

/* A 3 byte UTF-8 representation splits the characters 16 bits
between the bottom 4, 6 and 6 bits of the bytes.
We need 8 bits to index into pages, 3 bits to add to that index and
5 bits to generate the mask. */
#define UTF8_GET_NAMING3(pages, byte) \
  (namingBitmap[((pages)[((((byte)[0]) & 0xF) << 4) \
                             + ((((byte)[1]) >> 2) & 0xF)] \
                   << 3) \
                      + ((((byte)[1]) & 3) << 1) \
                      + ((((byte)[2]) >> 5) & 1)] \
         & (1 << (((byte)[2]) & 0x1F)))

#define UTF8_GET_NAMING(pages, p, n) \
  ((n) == 2 \
  ? UTF8_GET_NAMING2(pages, (const unsigned char *)(p)) \
  : ((n) == 3 \
     ? UTF8_GET_NAMING3(pages, (const unsigned char *)(p)) \
     : 0))

#define UTF8_INVALID3(p) \
  ((*p) == 0xED \
  ? (((p)[1] & 0x20) != 0) \
  : ((*p) == 0xEF \
     ? ((p)[1] == 0xBF && ((p)[2] == 0xBF || (p)[2] == 0xBE)) \
     : 0))

#define UTF8_INVALID4(p) ((*p) == 0xF4 && ((p)[1] & 0x30) != 0)

static
int isNever(const ENCODING *enc, const char *p)
{
  return 0;
}

static
int utf8_isName2(const ENCODING *enc, const char *p)
{
  return UTF8_GET_NAMING2(namePages, (const unsigned char *)p);
}

static
int utf8_isName3(const ENCODING *enc, const char *p)
{
  return UTF8_GET_NAMING3(namePages, (const unsigned char *)p);
}

#define utf8_isName4 isNever

static
int utf8_isNmstrt2(const ENCODING *enc, const char *p)
{
  return UTF8_GET_NAMING2(nmstrtPages, (const unsigned char *)p);
}

static
int utf8_isNmstrt3(const ENCODING *enc, const char *p)
{
  return UTF8_GET_NAMING3(nmstrtPages, (const unsigned char *)p);
}

#define utf8_isNmstrt4 isNever

#define utf8_isInvalid2 isNever

static
int utf8_isInvalid3(const ENCODING *enc, const char *p)
{
  return UTF8_INVALID3((const unsigned char *)p);
}

static
int utf8_isInvalid4(const ENCODING *enc, const char *p)
{
  return UTF8_INVALID4((const unsigned char *)p);
}

struct normal_encoding {
  ENCODING enc;
  unsigned char type[256];
  int (*isName2)(const ENCODING *, const char *);
  int (*isName3)(const ENCODING *, const char *);
  int (*isName4)(const ENCODING *, const char *);
  int (*isNmstrt2)(const ENCODING *, const char *);
  int (*isNmstrt3)(const ENCODING *, const char *);
  int (*isNmstrt4)(const ENCODING *, const char *);
  int (*isInvalid2)(const ENCODING *, const char *);
  int (*isInvalid3)(const ENCODING *, const char *);
  int (*isInvalid4)(const ENCODING *, const char *);
};

#define NORMAL_VTABLE(E) \
 E ## isName2, \
 E ## isName3, \
 E ## isName4, \
 E ## isNmstrt2, \
 E ## isNmstrt3, \
 E ## isNmstrt4, \
 E ## isInvalid2, \
 E ## isInvalid3, \
 E ## isInvalid4
 
static int checkCharRefNumber(int);

#include "xmltok_impl.h"

/* minimum bytes per character */
#define MINBPC 1
#define BYTE_TYPE(enc, p) \
  (((struct normal_encoding *)(enc))->type[(unsigned char)*(p)])
#define BYTE_TO_ASCII(enc, p) (*p)

#define IS_NAME_CHAR(enc, p, n) \
 (((const struct normal_encoding *)(enc))->isName ## n(enc, p))
#define IS_NMSTRT_CHAR(enc, p, n) \
 (((const struct normal_encoding *)(enc))->isNmstrt ## n(enc, p))
#define IS_INVALID_CHAR(enc, p, n) \
 (((const struct normal_encoding *)(enc))->isInvalid ## n(enc, p))

#define IS_NAME_CHAR_MINBPC(enc, p) (0)
#define IS_NMSTRT_CHAR_MINBPC(enc, p) (0)

/* c is an ASCII character */
#define CHAR_MATCHES(enc, p, c) (*(p) == c)

#define PREFIX(ident) normal_ ## ident
#include "xmltok_impl.c"

#undef MINBPC
#undef BYTE_TYPE
#undef BYTE_TO_ASCII
#undef CHAR_MATCHES
#undef IS_NAME_CHAR
#undef IS_NAME_CHAR_MINBPC
#undef IS_NMSTRT_CHAR
#undef IS_NMSTRT_CHAR_MINBPC
#undef IS_INVALID_CHAR

enum {  /* UTF8_cvalN is value of masked first byte of N byte sequence */
  UTF8_cval1 = 0x00,
  UTF8_cval2 = 0xc0,
  UTF8_cval3 = 0xe0,
  UTF8_cval4 = 0xf0
};

static
void utf8_toUtf8(const ENCODING *enc,
             const char **fromP, const char *fromLim,
             char **toP, const char *toLim)
{
  char *to;
  const char *from;
  if (fromLim - *fromP > toLim - *toP) {
    /* Avoid copying partial characters. */
    for (fromLim = *fromP + (toLim - *toP); fromLim > *fromP; fromLim--)
      if (((unsigned char)fromLim[-1] & 0xc0) != 0x80)
      break;
  }
  for (to = *toP, from = *fromP; from != fromLim; from++, to++)
    *to = *from;
  *fromP = from;
  *toP = to;
}

static
void utf8_toUtf16(const ENCODING *enc,
              const char **fromP, const char *fromLim,
              unsigned short **toP, const unsigned short *toLim)
{
  unsigned short *to = *toP;
  const char *from = *fromP;
  while (from != fromLim && to != toLim) {
    switch (((struct normal_encoding *)enc)->type[(unsigned char)*from]) {
    case BT_LEAD2:
      *to++ = ((from[0] & 0x1f) << 6) | (from[1] & 0x3f);
      from += 2;
      break;
    case BT_LEAD3:
      *to++ = ((from[0] & 0xf) << 12) | ((from[1] & 0x3f) << 6) | (from[2] & 0x3f);
      from += 3;
      break;
    case BT_LEAD4:
      {
      unsigned long n;
      if (to + 1 == toLim)
        break;
      n = ((from[0] & 0x7) << 18) | ((from[1] & 0x3f) << 12) | ((from[2] & 0x3f) << 6) | (from[3] & 0x3f);
      n -= 0x10000;
      to[0] = (unsigned short)((n >> 10) | 0xD800);
      to[1] = (unsigned short)((n & 0x3FF) | 0xDC00);
      to += 2;
      from += 4;
      }
      break;
    default:
      *to++ = *from++;
      break;
    }
  }
  *fromP = from;
  *toP = to;
}

static const struct normal_encoding utf8_encoding = {
  { VTABLE1, utf8_toUtf8, utf8_toUtf16, 1, 1, 0 },
  {
#include "asciitab.h"
#include "utf8tab.h"
  },
  NORMAL_VTABLE(utf8_)
};

static const struct normal_encoding internal_utf8_encoding = {
  { VTABLE1, utf8_toUtf8, utf8_toUtf16, 1, 1, 0 },
  {
#include "iasciitab.h"
#include "utf8tab.h"
  },
  NORMAL_VTABLE(utf8_)
};

static
void latin1_toUtf8(const ENCODING *enc,
               const char **fromP, const char *fromLim,
               char **toP, const char *toLim)
{
  for (;;) {
    unsigned char c;
    if (*fromP == fromLim)
      break;
    c = (unsigned char)**fromP;
    if (c & 0x80) {
      if (toLim - *toP < 2)
      break;
      *(*toP)++ = ((c >> 6) | UTF8_cval2);
      *(*toP)++ = ((c & 0x3f) | 0x80);
      (*fromP)++;
    }
    else {
      if (*toP == toLim)
      break;
      *(*toP)++ = *(*fromP)++;
    }
  }
}

static
void latin1_toUtf16(const ENCODING *enc,
                const char **fromP, const char *fromLim,
                unsigned short **toP, const unsigned short *toLim)
{
  while (*fromP != fromLim && *toP != toLim)
    *(*toP)++ = (unsigned char)*(*fromP)++;
}

static const struct normal_encoding latin1_encoding = {
  { VTABLE1, latin1_toUtf8, latin1_toUtf16, 1, 0, 0 },
  {
#include "asciitab.h"
#include "latin1tab.h"
  }
};

static
void ascii_toUtf8(const ENCODING *enc,
              const char **fromP, const char *fromLim,
              char **toP, const char *toLim)
{
  while (*fromP != fromLim && *toP != toLim)
    *(*toP)++ = *(*fromP)++;
}

static const struct normal_encoding ascii_encoding = {
  { VTABLE1, ascii_toUtf8, latin1_toUtf16, 1, 1, 0 },
  {
#include "asciitab.h"
/* BT_NONXML == 0 */
  }
};

#undef PREFIX

static int unicode_byte_type(char hi, char lo)
{
  switch ((unsigned char)hi) {
  case 0xD8: case 0xD9: case 0xDA: case 0xDB:
    return BT_LEAD4;
  case 0xDC: case 0xDD: case 0xDE: case 0xDF:
    return BT_TRAIL;
  case 0xFF:
    switch ((unsigned char)lo) {
    case 0xFF:
    case 0xFE:
      return BT_NONXML;
    }
    break;
  }
  return BT_NONASCII;
}

#define DEFINE_UTF16_TO_UTF8 \
static \
void PREFIX(toUtf8)(const ENCODING *enc, \
                const char **fromP, const char *fromLim, \
                char **toP, const char *toLim) \
{ \
  const char *from; \
  for (from = *fromP; from != fromLim; from += 2) { \
    int plane; \
    unsigned char lo2; \
    unsigned char lo = GET_LO(from); \
    unsigned char hi = GET_HI(from); \
    switch (hi) { \
    case 0: \
      if (lo < 0x80) { \
        if (*toP == toLim) { \
          *fromP = from; \
        return; \
        } \
        *(*toP)++ = lo; \
        break; \
      } \
      /* fall through */ \
    case 0x1: case 0x2: case 0x3: \
    case 0x4: case 0x5: case 0x6: case 0x7: \
      if (toLim -  *toP < 2) { \
        *fromP = from; \
      return; \
      } \
      *(*toP)++ = ((lo >> 6) | (hi << 2) |  UTF8_cval2); \
      *(*toP)++ = ((lo & 0x3f) | 0x80); \
      break; \
    default: \
      if (toLim -  *toP < 3)  { \
        *fromP = from; \
      return; \
      } \
      /* 16 bits divided 4, 6, 6 amongst 3 bytes */ \
      *(*toP)++ = ((hi >> 4) | UTF8_cval3); \
      *(*toP)++ = (((hi & 0xf) << 2) | (lo >> 6) | 0x80); \
      *(*toP)++ = ((lo & 0x3f) | 0x80); \
      break; \
    case 0xD8: case 0xD9: case 0xDA: case 0xDB: \
      if (toLim -  *toP < 4) { \
      *fromP = from; \
      return; \
      } \
      plane = (((hi & 0x3) << 2) | ((lo >> 6) & 0x3)) + 1; \
      *(*toP)++ = ((plane >> 2) | UTF8_cval4); \
      *(*toP)++ = (((lo >> 2) & 0xF) | ((plane & 0x3) << 4) | 0x80); \
      from += 2; \
      lo2 = GET_LO(from); \
      *(*toP)++ = (((lo & 0x3) << 4) \
                 | ((GET_HI(from) & 0x3) << 2) \
               | (lo2 >> 6) \
               | 0x80); \
      *(*toP)++ = ((lo2 & 0x3f) | 0x80); \
      break; \
    } \
  } \
  *fromP = from; \
}

#define DEFINE_UTF16_TO_UTF16 \
static \
void PREFIX(toUtf16)(const ENCODING *enc, \
                 const char **fromP, const char *fromLim, \
                 unsigned short **toP, const unsigned short *toLim) \
{ \
  /* Avoid copying first half only of surrogate */ \
  if (fromLim - *fromP > ((toLim - *toP) << 1) \
      && (GET_HI(fromLim - 2) & 0xF8) == 0xD8) \
    fromLim -= 2; \
  for (; *fromP != fromLim && *toP != toLim; *fromP += 2) \
    *(*toP)++ = (GET_HI(*fromP) << 8) | GET_LO(*fromP); \
}

#define PREFIX(ident) little2_ ## ident
#define MINBPC 2
#define BYTE_TYPE(enc, p) \
 ((p)[1] == 0 \
  ? ((struct normal_encoding *)(enc))->type[(unsigned char)*(p)] \
  : unicode_byte_type((p)[1], (p)[0]))
#define BYTE_TO_ASCII(enc, p) ((p)[1] == 0 ? (p)[0] : -1)
#define CHAR_MATCHES(enc, p, c) ((p)[1] == 0 && (p)[0] == c)
#define IS_NAME_CHAR(enc, p, n) (0)
#define IS_NAME_CHAR_MINBPC(enc, p) \
  UCS2_GET_NAMING(namePages, (unsigned char)p[1], (unsigned char)p[0])
#define IS_NMSTRT_CHAR(enc, p, n) (0)
#define IS_NMSTRT_CHAR_MINBPC(enc, p) \
  UCS2_GET_NAMING(nmstrtPages, (unsigned char)p[1], (unsigned char)p[0])

#include "xmltok_impl.c"

#define SET2(ptr, ch) \
  (((ptr)[0] = ((ch) & 0xff)), ((ptr)[1] = ((ch) >> 8)))
#define GET_LO(ptr) ((unsigned char)(ptr)[0])
#define GET_HI(ptr) ((unsigned char)(ptr)[1])

DEFINE_UTF16_TO_UTF8
DEFINE_UTF16_TO_UTF16

#undef SET2
#undef GET_LO
#undef GET_HI
#undef MINBPC
#undef BYTE_TYPE
#undef BYTE_TO_ASCII
#undef CHAR_MATCHES
#undef IS_NAME_CHAR
#undef IS_NAME_CHAR_MINBPC
#undef IS_NMSTRT_CHAR
#undef IS_NMSTRT_CHAR_MINBPC
#undef IS_INVALID_CHAR

static const struct normal_encoding little2_encoding = { 
  { VTABLE, 2, 0,
#if BYTE_ORDER == 12
    1
#else
    0
#endif
  },
#include "asciitab.h"
#include "latin1tab.h"
};

#if BYTE_ORDER != 21

static const struct normal_encoding internal_little2_encoding = { 
  { VTABLE, 2, 0, 1 },
#include "iasciitab.h"
#include "latin1tab.h"
};

#endif

#undef PREFIX

#define PREFIX(ident) big2_ ## ident
#define MINBPC 2
/* CHAR_MATCHES is guaranteed to have MINBPC bytes available. */
#define BYTE_TYPE(enc, p) \
 ((p)[0] == 0 \
  ? ((struct normal_encoding *)(enc))->type[(unsigned char)(p)[1]] \
  : unicode_byte_type((p)[0], (p)[1]))
#define BYTE_TO_ASCII(enc, p) ((p)[0] == 0 ? (p)[1] : -1)
#define CHAR_MATCHES(enc, p, c) ((p)[0] == 0 && (p)[1] == c)
#define IS_NAME_CHAR(enc, p, n) 0
#define IS_NAME_CHAR_MINBPC(enc, p) \
  UCS2_GET_NAMING(namePages, (unsigned char)p[0], (unsigned char)p[1])
#define IS_NMSTRT_CHAR(enc, p, n) (0)
#define IS_NMSTRT_CHAR_MINBPC(enc, p) \
  UCS2_GET_NAMING(nmstrtPages, (unsigned char)p[0], (unsigned char)p[1])

#include "xmltok_impl.c"

#define SET2(ptr, ch) \
  (((ptr)[0] = ((ch) >> 8)), ((ptr)[1] = ((ch) & 0xFF)))
#define GET_LO(ptr) ((unsigned char)(ptr)[1])
#define GET_HI(ptr) ((unsigned char)(ptr)[0])

DEFINE_UTF16_TO_UTF8
DEFINE_UTF16_TO_UTF16

#undef SET2
#undef GET_LO
#undef GET_HI
#undef MINBPC
#undef BYTE_TYPE
#undef BYTE_TO_ASCII
#undef CHAR_MATCHES
#undef IS_NAME_CHAR
#undef IS_NAME_CHAR_MINBPC
#undef IS_NMSTRT_CHAR
#undef IS_NMSTRT_CHAR_MINBPC
#undef IS_INVALID_CHAR

static const struct normal_encoding big2_encoding = {
  { VTABLE, 2, 0,
#if BYTE_ORDER == 21
  1
#else
  0
#endif
  },
#include "asciitab.h"
#include "latin1tab.h"
};

#if BYTE_ORDER != 12

static const struct normal_encoding internal_big2_encoding = {
  { VTABLE, 2, 0, 1 },
#include "iasciitab.h"
#include "latin1tab.h"
};

#endif

#undef PREFIX

static
int streqci(const char *s1, const char *s2)
{
  for (;;) {
    char c1 = *s1++;
    char c2 = *s2++;
    if ('a' <= c1 && c1 <= 'z')
      c1 += 'A' - 'a';
    if ('a' <= c2 && c2 <= 'z')
      c2 += 'A' - 'a';
    if (c1 != c2)
      return 0;
    if (!c1)
      break;
  }
  return 1;
}

static
int initScan(const ENCODING *enc, int state, const char *ptr, const char *end,
           const char **nextTokPtr)
{
  const ENCODING **encPtr;

  if (ptr == end)
    return XML_TOK_NONE;
  encPtr = ((const INIT_ENCODING *)enc)->encPtr;
  if (ptr + 1 == end) {
    switch ((unsigned char)*ptr) {
    case 0xFE:
    case 0xFF:
    case 0x00:
    case 0x3C:
      return XML_TOK_PARTIAL;
    }
  }
  else {
    switch (((unsigned char)ptr[0] << 8) | (unsigned char)ptr[1]) {
    case 0x003C:
      *encPtr = &big2_encoding.enc;
      return XmlTok(*encPtr, state, ptr, end, nextTokPtr);
    case 0xFEFF:
      *nextTokPtr = ptr + 2;
      *encPtr = &big2_encoding.enc;
      return XML_TOK_BOM;
    case 0x3C00:
      *encPtr = &little2_encoding.enc;
      return XmlTok(*encPtr, state, ptr, end, nextTokPtr);
    case 0xFFFE:
      *nextTokPtr = ptr + 2;
      *encPtr = &little2_encoding.enc;
      return XML_TOK_BOM;
    }
  }
  *encPtr = &utf8_encoding.enc;
  return XmlTok(*encPtr, state, ptr, end, nextTokPtr);
}

static
int initScanProlog(const ENCODING *enc, const char *ptr, const char *end,
               const char **nextTokPtr)
{
  return initScan(enc, XML_PROLOG_STATE, ptr, end, nextTokPtr);
}

static
int initScanContent(const ENCODING *enc, const char *ptr, const char *end,
                const char **nextTokPtr)
{
  return initScan(enc, XML_CONTENT_STATE, ptr, end, nextTokPtr);
}

static
void initUpdatePosition(const ENCODING *enc, const char *ptr,
                  const char *end, POSITION *pos)
{
  normal_updatePosition(&utf8_encoding.enc, ptr, end, pos);
}

const ENCODING *XmlGetUtf8InternalEncoding()
{
  return &internal_utf8_encoding.enc;
}

const ENCODING *XmlGetUtf16InternalEncoding()
{
#if BYTE_ORDER == 12
  return &internal_little2_encoding.enc;
#elif BYTE_ORDER == 21
  return &internal_big2_encoding.enc;
#else
  const short n = 1;
  return *(const char *)&n ? &internal_little2_encoding.enc : &internal_big2_encoding.enc;
#endif
}

int XmlInitEncoding(INIT_ENCODING *p, const ENCODING **encPtr, const char *name)
{
  if (name) {
    if (streqci(name, "ISO-8859-1")) {
      *encPtr = &latin1_encoding.enc;
      return 1;
    }
    if (streqci(name, "UTF-8")) {
      *encPtr = &utf8_encoding.enc;
      return 1;
    }
    if (streqci(name, "US-ASCII")) {
      *encPtr = &ascii_encoding.enc;
      return 1;
    }
    if (!streqci(name, "UTF-16"))
      return 0;
  }
  p->initEnc.scanners[XML_PROLOG_STATE] = initScanProlog;
  p->initEnc.scanners[XML_CONTENT_STATE] = initScanContent;
  p->initEnc.updatePosition = initUpdatePosition;
  p->initEnc.minBytesPerChar = 1;
  p->encPtr = encPtr;
  *encPtr = &(p->initEnc);
  return 1;
}

static
int toAscii(const ENCODING *enc, const char *ptr, const char *end)
{
  char buf[1];
  char *p = buf;
  XmlUtf8Convert(enc, &ptr, end, &p, p + 1);
  if (p == buf)
    return -1;
  else
    return buf[0];
}

static
int isSpace(int c)
{
  switch (c) {
  case ' ':
  case '\r':
  case '\n':
  case '\t':
    return 1;
  }
  return 0;
}

/* Return 1 if there's just optional white space
or there's an S followed by name=val. */
static
int parsePseudoAttribute(const ENCODING *enc,
                   const char *ptr,
                   const char *end,
                   const char **namePtr,
                   const char **valPtr,
                   const char **nextTokPtr)
{
  int c;
  char open;
  if (ptr == end) {
    *namePtr = 0;
    return 1;
  }
  if (!isSpace(toAscii(enc, ptr, end))) {
    *nextTokPtr = ptr;
    return 0;
  }
  do {
    ptr += enc->minBytesPerChar;
  } while (isSpace(toAscii(enc, ptr, end)));
  if (ptr == end) {
    *namePtr = 0;
    return 1;
  }
  *namePtr = ptr;
  for (;;) {
    c = toAscii(enc, ptr, end);
    if (c == -1) {
      *nextTokPtr = ptr;
      return 0;
    }
    if (c == '=')
      break;
    if (isSpace(c)) {
      do {
      ptr += enc->minBytesPerChar;
      } while (isSpace(c = toAscii(enc, ptr, end)));
      if (c != '=') {
      *nextTokPtr = ptr;
      return 0;
      }
      break;
    }
    ptr += enc->minBytesPerChar;
  }
  if (ptr == *namePtr) {
    *nextTokPtr = ptr;
    return 0;
  }
  ptr += enc->minBytesPerChar;
  c = toAscii(enc, ptr, end);
  while (isSpace(c)) {
    ptr += enc->minBytesPerChar;
    c = toAscii(enc, ptr, end);
  }
  if (c != '"' && c != '\'') {
    *nextTokPtr = ptr;
    return 0;
  }
  open = c;
  ptr += enc->minBytesPerChar;
  *valPtr = ptr;
  for (;; ptr += enc->minBytesPerChar) {
    c = toAscii(enc, ptr, end);
    if (c == open)
      break;
    if (!('a' <= c && c <= 'z')
      && !('A' <= c && c <= 'Z')
      && !('0' <= c && c <= '9')
      && c != '.'
      && c != '-'
      && c != '_') {
      *nextTokPtr = ptr;
      return 0;
    }
  }
  *nextTokPtr = ptr + enc->minBytesPerChar;
  return 1;
}

static
const ENCODING *findEncoding(const ENCODING *enc, const char *ptr, const char *end)
{
#define ENCODING_MAX 128
  char buf[ENCODING_MAX];
  char *p = buf;
  int i;
  XmlUtf8Convert(enc, &ptr, end, &p, p + ENCODING_MAX - 1);
  if (ptr != end)
    return 0;
  *p = 0;
  for (i = 0; buf[i]; i++) {
    if ('a' <= buf[i] && buf[i] <= 'z')
      buf[i] +=  'A' - 'a';
  }
  if (streqci(buf, "UTF-8"))
    return &utf8_encoding.enc;
  if (streqci(buf, "ISO-8859-1"))
    return &latin1_encoding.enc;
  if (streqci(buf, "US-ASCII"))
    return &ascii_encoding.enc;
  if (streqci(buf, "UTF-16")) {
    static const unsigned short n = 1;
    if (enc->minBytesPerChar == 2)
      return enc;
    return &big2_encoding.enc;
  }
  return 0;  
}

int XmlParseXmlDecl(int isGeneralTextEntity,
                const ENCODING *enc,
                const char *ptr,
                const char *end,
                const char **badPtr,
                const char **versionPtr,
                const char **encodingName,
                const ENCODING **encoding,
                int *standalone)
{
  const char *val = 0;
  const char *name = 0;
  ptr += 5 * enc->minBytesPerChar;
  end -= 2 * enc->minBytesPerChar;
  if (!parsePseudoAttribute(enc, ptr, end, &name, &val, &ptr) || !name) {
    *badPtr = ptr;
    return 0;
  }
  if (!XmlNameMatchesAscii(enc, name, "version")) {
    if (!isGeneralTextEntity) {
      *badPtr = name;
      return 0;
    }
  }
  else {
    if (versionPtr)
      *versionPtr = val;
    if (!parsePseudoAttribute(enc, ptr, end, &name, &val, &ptr)) {
      *badPtr = ptr;
      return 0;
    }
    if (!name)
      return 1;
  }
  if (XmlNameMatchesAscii(enc, name, "encoding")) {
    int c = toAscii(enc, val, end);
    if (!('a' <= c && c <= 'z') && !('A' <= c && c <= 'Z')) {
      *badPtr = val;
      return 0;
    }
    if (encodingName)
      *encodingName = val;
    if (encoding)
      *encoding = findEncoding(enc, val, ptr - enc->minBytesPerChar);
    if (!parsePseudoAttribute(enc, ptr, end, &name, &val, &ptr)) {
      *badPtr = ptr;
      return 0;
    }
    if (!name)
      return 1;
  }
  if (!XmlNameMatchesAscii(enc, name, "standalone") || isGeneralTextEntity) {
    *badPtr = name;
    return 0;
  }
  if (XmlNameMatchesAscii(enc, val, "yes")) {
    if (standalone)
      *standalone = 1;
  }
  else if (XmlNameMatchesAscii(enc, val, "no")) {
    if (standalone)
      *standalone = 0;
  }
  else {
    *badPtr = val;
    return 0;
  }
  while (isSpace(toAscii(enc, ptr, end)))
    ptr += enc->minBytesPerChar;
  if (ptr != end) {
    *badPtr = ptr;
    return 0;
  }
  return 1;
}

static
int checkCharRefNumber(int result)
{
  switch (result >> 8) {
  case 0xD8: case 0xD9: case 0xDA: case 0xDB:
  case 0xDC: case 0xDD: case 0xDE: case 0xDF:
    return -1;
  case 0:
    if (latin1_encoding.type[result] == BT_NONXML)
      return -1;
    break;
  case 0xFF:
    if (result == 0xFFFE || result == 0xFFFF)
      return -1;
    break;
  }
  return result;
}

int XmlUtf8Encode(int c, char *buf)
{
  enum {
    /* minN is minimum legal resulting value for N byte sequence */
    min2 = 0x80,
    min3 = 0x800,
    min4 = 0x10000
  };

  if (c < 0)
    return 0;
  if (c < min2) {
    buf[0] = (c | UTF8_cval1);
    return 1;
  }
  if (c < min3) {
    buf[0] = ((c >> 6) | UTF8_cval2);
    buf[1] = ((c & 0x3f) | 0x80);
    return 2;
  }
  if (c < min4) {
    buf[0] = ((c >> 12) | UTF8_cval3);
    buf[1] = (((c >> 6) & 0x3f) | 0x80);
    buf[2] = ((c & 0x3f) | 0x80);
    return 3;
  }
  if (c < 0x110000) {
    buf[0] = ((c >> 18) | UTF8_cval4);
    buf[1] = (((c >> 12) & 0x3f) | 0x80);
    buf[2] = (((c >> 6) & 0x3f) | 0x80);
    buf[3] = ((c & 0x3f) | 0x80);
    return 4;
  }
  return 0;
}

int XmlUtf16Encode(int charNum, unsigned short *buf)
{
  if (charNum < 0)
    return 0;
  if (charNum < 0x10000) {
    buf[0] = charNum;
    return 1;
  }
  if (charNum < 0x110000) {
    charNum -= 0x10000;
    buf[0] = (charNum >> 10) + 0xD800;
    buf[1] = (charNum & 0x3FF) + 0xDC00;
    return 2;
  }
  return 0;
}

struct unknown_encoding {
  struct normal_encoding normal;
  int (*convert)(void *userData, const char *p);
  void *userData;
  unsigned short utf16[256];
  char utf8[256][4];
};

int XmlSizeOfUnknownEncoding()
{
  return sizeof(struct unknown_encoding);
}

static
int unknown_isName(const ENCODING *enc, const char *p)
{
  int c = ((const struct unknown_encoding *)enc)
        ->convert(((const struct unknown_encoding *)enc)->userData, p);
  if (c & ~0xFFFF)
    return 0;
  return UCS2_GET_NAMING(namePages, c >> 8, c & 0xFF);
}

static
int unknown_isNmstrt(const ENCODING *enc, const char *p)
{
  int c = ((const struct unknown_encoding *)enc)
        ->convert(((const struct unknown_encoding *)enc)->userData, p);
  if (c & ~0xFFFF)
    return 0;
  return UCS2_GET_NAMING(nmstrtPages, c >> 8, c & 0xFF);
}

static
int unknown_isInvalid(const ENCODING *enc, const char *p)
{
  int c = ((const struct unknown_encoding *)enc)
         ->convert(((const struct unknown_encoding *)enc)->userData, p);
  return (c & ~0xFFFF) || checkCharRefNumber(c) < 0;
}

static
void unknown_toUtf8(const ENCODING *enc,
                const char **fromP, const char *fromLim,
                char **toP, const char *toLim)
{
  char buf[XML_UTF8_ENCODE_MAX];
  for (;;) {
    const char *utf8;
    int n;
    if (*fromP == fromLim)
      break;
    utf8 = ((const struct unknown_encoding *)enc)->utf8[(unsigned char)**fromP];
    n = *utf8++;
    if (n == 0) {
      int c = ((const struct unknown_encoding *)enc)
            ->convert(((const struct unknown_encoding *)enc)->userData, *fromP);
      n = XmlUtf8Encode(c, buf);
      if (n > toLim - *toP)
      break;
      utf8 = buf;
      *fromP += ((const struct normal_encoding *)enc)->type[(unsigned char)**fromP]
               - (BT_LEAD2 - 2);
    }
    else {
      if (n > toLim - *toP)
      break;
      (*fromP)++;
    }
    do {
      *(*toP)++ = *utf8++;
    } while (--n != 0);
  }
}

static
void unknown_toUtf16(const ENCODING *enc,
                 const char **fromP, const char *fromLim,
                 unsigned short **toP, const unsigned short *toLim)
{
  while (*fromP != fromLim && *toP != toLim) {
    unsigned short c
      = ((const struct unknown_encoding *)enc)->utf16[(unsigned char)**fromP];
    if (c == 0) {
      c = (unsigned short)((const struct unknown_encoding *)enc)
         ->convert(((const struct unknown_encoding *)enc)->userData, *fromP);
      *fromP += ((const struct normal_encoding *)enc)->type[(unsigned char)**fromP]
               - (BT_LEAD2 - 2);
    }
    else
      (*fromP)++;
    *(*toP)++ = c;
  }
}

ENCODING *
XmlInitUnknownEncoding(void *mem,
                   int *table,
                   int (*convert)(void *userData, const char *p),
                   void *userData)
{
  int i;
  struct unknown_encoding *e = mem;
  for (i = 0; i < sizeof(struct normal_encoding); i++)
    ((char *)mem)[i] = ((char *)&latin1_encoding)[i];
  for (i = 0; i < 128; i++)
    if (latin1_encoding.type[i] != BT_OTHER
        && latin1_encoding.type[i] != BT_NONXML
      && table[i] != i)
      return 0;
  for (i = 0; i < 256; i++) {
    int c = table[i];
    if (c == -1) {
      e->normal.type[i] = BT_MALFORM;
      /* This shouldn't really get used. */
      e->utf16[i] = 0xFFFF;
      e->utf8[i][0] = 1;
      e->utf8[i][1] = 0;
    }
    else if (c < 0) {
      if (c < -4)
      return 0;
      e->normal.type[i] = BT_LEAD2 - (c + 2);
      e->utf8[i][0] = 0;
      e->utf16[i] = 0;
    }
    else if (c < 0x80) {
      if (latin1_encoding.type[c] != BT_OTHER
        && latin1_encoding.type[c] != BT_NONXML
        && c != i)
      return 0;
      e->normal.type[i] = latin1_encoding.type[c];
      e->utf8[i][0] = 1;
      e->utf8[i][1] = (char)c;
      e->utf16[i] = c == 0 ? 0xFFFF : c;
    }
    else if (checkCharRefNumber(c) < 0) {
      e->normal.type[i] = BT_NONXML;
      /* This shouldn't really get used. */
      e->utf16[i] = 0xFFFF;
      e->utf8[i][0] = 1;
      e->utf8[i][1] = 0;
    }
    else {
      if (c > 0xFFFF)
      return 0;
      if (UCS2_GET_NAMING(nmstrtPages, c >> 8, c & 0xff))
      e->normal.type[i] = BT_NMSTRT;
      else if (UCS2_GET_NAMING(namePages, c >> 8, c & 0xff))
      e->normal.type[i] = BT_NAME;
      else
      e->normal.type[i] = BT_OTHER;
      e->utf8[i][0] = (char)XmlUtf8Encode(c, e->utf8[i] + 1);
      e->utf16[i] = c;
    }
  }
  e->userData = userData;
  e->convert = convert;
  if (convert) {
    e->normal.isName2 = unknown_isName;
    e->normal.isName3 = unknown_isName;
    e->normal.isName4 = unknown_isName;
    e->normal.isNmstrt2 = unknown_isNmstrt;
    e->normal.isNmstrt3 = unknown_isNmstrt;
    e->normal.isNmstrt4 = unknown_isNmstrt;
    e->normal.isInvalid2 = unknown_isInvalid;
    e->normal.isInvalid3 = unknown_isInvalid;
    e->normal.isInvalid4 = unknown_isInvalid;
  }
  e->normal.enc.utf8Convert = unknown_toUtf8;
  e->normal.enc.utf16Convert = unknown_toUtf16;
  return &(e->normal.enc);
}

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